Infertility Testing for Both Partners
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. In the United States, approximately 10 - 15% of couples cope with infertility. The cause of the infertility may be of female or male origin. As reported by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the cause of infertility is purely male one third of the time, purely female is one third of the time and the remaining cases are the result of problems in both partners.
Female and Male Infertility Testing
Male infertility testing starts with a semen analysis to establish if there is a male factor. Once a sperm sample is collected, a lab technician will evaluate sperm count as well as the appearance, shape, and motility (ability to move) of the sperm. If the male partner’s semen analysis, medical history, and physical exam are normal, the focus will shift towards the female partner.
Female infertility testing starts with simple evaluations such as the determination that ovulation is occurring. Further evaluations would address the quality of the eggs and whether other hormonal problems are interfering. In parallel, testing of the uterus and remaining anatomy is carried out. If the initial ovulation, egg, and anatomical evaluations, as well as, sperm testing reveal normal results, further testing will ensue depending on your fertility doctor’s recommendations.
As experts in fertility, we are here to make sure you get the best treatment and care available. We understand that infertility testing and treatment is difficult on both partners for a variety of reasons, which is why we offer infertility counseling and support groups. For more specifics on female and male infertility testing, please refer to their respective pages.