Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Artificial Insemination AtlantaWith intrauterine insemination (IUI), also referred to as artificial insemination, millions of sperm are placed directly into the uterus when the woman is most fertile, immediately prior to and during ovulation. Fertility Specialists at our artificial insemination clinics in Atlanta will identify people who benefit from IUI and will comprehensively review IUI success rates, donor IUI, how IUI is performed and other topics that are summarized below.
IUI Atlanta Overview
The sperm cells are first "washed" with special solutions, then concentrated to increase the number of sperm that make it to the fallopian tube where fertilization takes place. This improves the chances for conception.
IUI may be performed with or without the use of fertility drugs by the woman. When such drugs are used, the therapy is referred to as controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH), ovulation induction (OI), or superovulation. IUI with COH generally results in higher pregnancy chances.
People who Benefit from IUI include:
- Couples with no known cause of infertility
- Couples in which the male has mild to moderate decreased semen quality
- Women with ovulatory disorders who respond well to fertility medication
- Women with mild endometriosis
- Women using donor semen
Donor IUIIf the female patient has no male partner to provide sperm, insemination using donor sperm is available.
All frozen specimens are quarantined for 180 days and the donor is retested and found to be seronegative for HIV and other STD's before the specimen is released. These requirements provide safety for patients undergoing donor IUI.
How IUI is PerformedThe woman:
- May or may not use fertility drugs to stimulate the ovulation of more than one oocyte
- Monitors ovulation with a combination of at-home (home ovulation predictor kits) and clinic (ultrasound, blood tests) techniques.
- Is monitored by the clinic for any adverse effects of fertility drugs
- Receives a hormone injection (human chronic gonadotropin, or hCG) to time ovulation
Possible IUI ComplicationsThough complications of IUI are infrequent, they include infection and uterine cramping. Also, fertility medications have potential side effects, including ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and multiple pregnancies.
If no pregnancy is achieved after three IUI's, specialists may recommend more advanced reproductive therapies such as IVF (in vitro fertilization).